What is Myofascial Trigger Point Therapy (MTPT)?
Myofascial trigger points are one of the most overlooked and ignored causes of acute and chronic pain (Hendler & Kozikowski 1993)
Trigger points and their pain patterns are documented in the medical texts :
Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual. Vols. 1 and 2, authored by Janet G. Travell, M.D., and David G. Simons, M.D.
MTPT is a non-invasive treatment for the relief and control of myofascial pain and dysfunction due to trigger points.
The goal of a treatment is to eliminate or significantly reduce myofascial pain by:
Identifying and correcting perpetuating factors
Applying compression to the trigger point
A passive stretch to the treated muscles
A home stretch program
What is Myofascial Trigger Point (TrP) ?
Myo - means muscle
Fascia (pronounced fah sha) - thick fibrous connective tissue that encases, attaches, stabilizes and separates muscle and internal organs.
Myofascial trigger point (TrP) - is a hyperirritable spot, usually within a taut band of a skeletal muscle or in the muscle's fascis, that is painful on compression, stretch, overload or contraction of the tissue which usually responds with a referred pain that is perceived distant from the spot (Simons et al. 1999)
Myofascial pain syndromes (MPS) - a regional muscle pain dysfunction caused by a MTPT within a taut band, local tenderness, referral pain, restricted range of motion (ROM), and autonomic phenomena.