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What is Myofascial Trigger Point Therapy (MTPT)?

Myofascial trigger points are one of the most overlooked and ignored causes of acute and chronic pain (Hendler & Kozikowski 1993)

Trigger points and their pain patterns are documented in the medical texts :

  • Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual. Vols. 1 and 2, authored by Janet G. Travell, M.D., and David G. Simons, M.D.

MTPT is a non-invasive treatment for the relief and control of myofascial pain and dysfunction due to trigger points.

The goal of a treatment is to eliminate or significantly reduce myofascial pain by:

  1. Identifying and correcting perpetuating factors

  2. Applying compression to the trigger point

  3. A passive stretch to the treated muscles

  4. A home stretch program

What is Myofascial Trigger Point (TrP) ?


Myo - means muscle

Fascia (pronounced fah sha) - thick fibrous connective tissue that encases, attaches, stabilizes and separates muscle and internal organs.

Myofascial trigger point (TrP) - is a hyperirritable spot, usually within a taut band of a skeletal muscle or in the muscle's fascis, that is painful on compression, stretch, overload or contraction of the tissue which usually responds with a referred pain that is perceived distant from the spot (Simons et al. 1999)

Myofascial pain syndromes (MPS) - a regional muscle pain dysfunction caused by a MTPT within a taut band, local tenderness, referral pain, restricted range of motion (ROM), and autonomic phenomena. 

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